calculate

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calculate
calculate, compute, estimate, reckon mean to determine something (as cost, speed, or quantity) by mathematical and especially arithmetical processes.
Calculate is usually preferred when highly advanced, intricate, or elaborate processes are followed with precision and care and when the result arrived at is not readily proven by a physical confirmation (as by measuring or enumerating)
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calculate the distance between the sun and the earth

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calculate the number of atoms in a cubic centimeter of hydrogen

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Compute is preferred where the data are given or the actual figures involved are known and at hand and not arrived at indirectly; it therefore commonly implies the use of simple though often lengthy arithmetical processes
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compute the interest due

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compute the cost of running a business during a given year

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Estimate carries so strong an implication from its more common sense (see ESTIMATE) of an evaluation based on one's experience and good judgment that even when it implies careful calculation or computation it still connotes a result that is not necessarily exact but approximates the exact result; for he who estimates deals with data or figures that are to some extent unsatisfactory. Hence estimate is preferred to calculate and compute when the cost of a piece of work to be done is computed at present prices
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a contractor's bid on a projected building is based on its estimated cost to him

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a printer estimates a printing job when he names the price he will probably ask for doing it

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Reckon is used in place of compute and usually connotes simpler mathematical processes especially such as can be carried on in one's head or aided by the use of counters
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reckon the cost of a trip to the city

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reckon the number of eggs laid by the hens during the month

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Analogous words: weigh, study, *consider: *ponder, ruminate: determine, ascertain, *discover
Contrasted words: guess, *conjecture, surmise

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

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• Calculate — Cal cu*late, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Calculater}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Calculating}.] [L, calculatus, p. p. of calculate, fr. calculus a pebble, a stone used in reckoning; hence, a reckoning, fr. calx, calcis, a stone used in gaming, limestone. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

• calculate on — ˈcalculate on [transitive] [present tense I/you/we/they calculate on he/she/it calculate on present participle calculate on past tense calculate on …   Useful english dictionary

• calculate — UK US /ˈkælkjəleɪt/ verb [T] ► to find an amount or number using mathematics: calculate according to/based on/on the basis of »Their pension will be calculated on the basis of their earnings and length of service. calculate that »It has been… …   Financial and business terms

• calculate — 1. The meaning ‘to suppose or reckon’, without any reference to working something out, is regional American in origin (19c, eg. I calculate it s pretty difficult to git edication down at Charleston) and is not standard in any variety of English.… …   Modern English usage

• calculate — [kal′kyo͞o lāt΄, kal′kyəlāt΄] vt. calculated, calculating [< L calculatus, pp. of calculare, to reckon < calculus, pebble, stone used in doing arithmetic, dim. of calx, limestone: see CALCIUM] 1. to determine by using mathematics; compute 2 …   English World dictionary

• Calculate — Cal cu*late, v. i. To make a calculation; to forecast consequences; to estimate; to compute. [1913 Webster] The strong passions, whether good or bad, never calculate. F. W. Robertson. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

• calculate — [v1] compute or estimate amount account, add, adjust, appraise, assay, cast, cipher, consider, count, determine, divide, dope out*, enumerate, figure, forecast, foretell, gauge, guess, judge, keep tabs*, measure, multiply, number, rate, reckon,… …   New thesaurus

• calculate — ► VERB 1) determine mathematically. 2) (calculate on) include as an essential element in one s plans. 3) intend (an action) to have a particular effect. DERIVATIVES calculable adjective. ORIGIN Latin calculare count , from calculus small p …   English terms dictionary

• calculate — I verb account, appraise, ascertain mathematically, assess, average out, cast accounts, cipher, computare, compute, consider, count, design, determine, devise, enumerate, estimate, evaluate, figure, figure out, form an estimate, furnish an… …   Law dictionary

• calculate on — index anticipate (expect) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary